Detailed Contents:

The Recruitment of comfort women is summarized as follows:

“There were a few cases  in the Dutch East Indies (present day Indonesia)of direct involvement by soldiers in the recruitment of prostitutes. These incidents involving involuntary women were punished as war crimes. These were exceptions. A Dutch report clearly states the Japanese 16th Army which occupied much of the Dutch East Indies had regulations against use of involuntary women in comfort stations.(p.10)

“Abduction of women and rape were punishable under Japanese military law. However, there were many instances of rape, notably during the early years of the war in China. Japanese records indicate this was of serious concern to the military.”  (p.10)

“The documents show the majority of comfort women were Koreans and Japanese. Chinese prostitutes are often mentioned. There are Japanese military regulations in this compilation on the use of authorized local brothels by troops in the Philippines, Burma, Indonesia, and China. U.S. military interrogation reports of Korean comfort women and their operators indicate Korean women were recruited by civilian operators or their agents. The diary of a Korean comfort station operator also bears this out. These records clearly identify comfort women as contract prostitutes.” (p.10)

On Comfort Station Operators:

“With few exceptions, comfort station operators were non-military civilians. Monthly reports by local Japanese consul generals in various Chinese cities identify comfort station operators with Korean comfort women as Korean. No Japanese operated comfort station was reported with Korean women. The comfort stations were civilian operated businesses. This was also made clear in the diary of a Korean who ran a comfort station in Burma. Operating a comfort station was clearly a business.”  (p.10-11)

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